Economic Adjustment Assistance

Published on AidPage by IDILOGIC on Jun 24, 2005

Purpose of this program:

To assist State and local interests design and implement strategies to adjust or bring about change to an economy. Program focuses on areas that have experienced or are under threat of serious structural damage to the underlying economic base. Such economic change may occur suddenly or over time, and generally results from industrial or corporate restructuring, new Federal laws or requirements, reduction in defense expenditures, depletion of natural resources, or natural disaster. Aids the long-range economic development of areas with severe unemployment and low family income problems; aids in the development of public facilities and private enterprises to help create new, permanent jobs.

Possible uses and use restrictions...

Strategy Investments help organize and carry out a planning process resulting in a Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy (CEDS) tailored to the community's specific economic problems and opportunities. Implementation Investments support one or more activities identified in an EDA-approved CEDS. Activities may include, but are not limited to, the creation/expansion of strategically targeted business development and financing programs such as: Revolving loan funds, nfrastructure improvements, organizational development, and market or industry research and analysis.

Who is eligible to apply...

Eligible applicants include economic development districts; States, cities or other political subdivisions of a State or a consortium of political subdivisions; Indian tribes or a consortium of Indian tribes; institutions of higher learning or a consortium of such institutions; or public or nonprofit organizations or associations acting in cooperation with officials of a political subdivision of a State. Applicants using EDA supplemental disaster assistance will generally be restricted to disaster-impacted areas.

Eligible Applicant Categories:
Eligible Functional Categories:

Applicants for assistance to develop a CEDS must identify the actual or anticipated adjustment problem and indicate how the strategy will be developed. Implementation investments applications must be consistent with an approved CEDS.

Note:This is a brief description of the credentials or documentation required prior to, or along with, an application for assistance.

About this section:

This section indicates who can apply to the Federal government for assistance and the criteria the potential applicant must satisfy. For example, individuals may be eligible for research grants, and the criteria to be satisfied may be that they have a professional or scientific degree, 3 years of research experience, and be a citizen of the United States. Universities, medical schools, hospitals, or State and local governments may also be eligible. Where State governments are eligible, the type of State agency will be indicated (State welfare agency or State agency on aging) and the criteria that they must satisfy.

Certain federal programs (e.g., the Pell Grant program which provides grants to students) involve intermediate levels of application processing, i.e., applications are transmitted through colleges or universities that are neither the direct applicant nor the ultimate beneficiary. For these programs, the criteria that the intermediaries must satisfy are also indicated, along with intermediaries who are not eligible.

How to apply...

Application Procedure:

If an application is invited by the regional office, an EDR or regional office representative will provide necessary forms and assist in filling them out. This program is subject to the provisions of OMB Circular No. A-110 and 15 CFR Part 24.

Note: Each program will indicate whether applications are to be submitted to the Federal headquarters, regional or local office, or to a State or local government office.

Award Procedure:

Final decision on applications from eligible applicants is made by the Regional Office Director of the Economic Development Administration, Department of Commerce.

Note: Grant payments may be made by a letter of credit, advance by Treasury check, or reimbursement by Treasury check. Awards may be made by the headquarters office directly to the applicant, an agency field office, a regional office, or by an authorized county office. The assistance may pass through the initial applicant for further distribution by intermediate level applicants to groups or individuals in the private sector.

Deadlines and process...


Proposals are accepted on a continuing basis and applications are invited and processed as received.

Note: When available, this section indicates the deadlines for applications to the funding agency which will be stated in terms of the date(s) or between what dates the application should be received. When not available, applicants should contact the funding agency for deadline information.

Range of Approval/Disapproval Time

Normally, two months are required for a final decision after the receipt of a completed application invited by EDA that meets all requirements.

Preapplication Coordination

EDA's Economic Development Representative (EDR) or regional office representative will meet with the proponent to determine whether preparation of a project proposal is appropriate. If appropriate, the proponent will be requested to prepare a brief project proposal according to an outline provided by the EDR. Following a review by the EDR and Regional Office Staff, the Regional Director will determine whether to invite a formal application. An environmental impact assessment is necessary; an environmental impact statement may also be required. This program is eligible for coverage under E.O. 12372, "Intergovernmental Review of Federal Programs." An applicant should consult the office or official designated as the single point of contact in his or her State for more information on the process the State requires to be followed in applying for assistance, if the State has selected the program for review. The standard application forms as furnished by the Federal agency and required by 15 CFR Part 24 must be used for this program.

Note: This section indicates whether any prior coordination or approval is required with governmental or nongovernmental units prior to the submission of a formal application to the federal funding agency.



Note: In some cases, there are no provisions for appeal. Where applicable, this section discusses appeal procedures or allowable rework time for resubmission of applications to be processed by the funding agency. Appeal procedures vary with individual programs and are either listed in this section or applicants are referred to appeal procedures documented in the relevant Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).



Note: In some instances, renewal procedures may be the same as for the application procedure, e.g., for projects of a non-continuing nature renewals will be treated as new, competing applications; for projects of an ongoing nature, renewals may be given annually.

Who can benefit...

Geographic areas, usually counties or groups of counties, which meet one of the following criteria: 1) An unemployment rate that is, for the most recent 24 month period for which data are available, at least one percent greater than the national average unemployment rate; 2) per capita income that is, for the most recent period for which data are available, 80 percent or less of the national per capita average income; or 3) a special need, as determined by EDA, arising from actual or threatened severe unemployment or economic adjustment problems resulting from severe short-term changes in economic conditions. Special need criteria are listed in the Agency's annual NOFA.

About this section:

This section lists the ultimate beneficiaries of a program, the criteria they must satisfy and who specifically is not eligible. The applicant and beneficiary will generally be the same for programs that provide assistance directly from a Federal agency. However, financial assistance that passes through State or local governments will have different applicants and beneficiaries since the assistance is transmitted to private sector beneficiaries who are not obligated to request or apply for the assistance.

What types of assistance...

Project Grants

The funding, for fixed or known periods, of specific projects. Project grants can include fellowships, scholarships, research grants, training grants, traineeships, experimental and demonstration grants, evaluation grants, planning grants, technical assistance grants, survey grants, and construction grants.

How much financial aid...

Range and Average of Financial Assistance

No specific minimum or maximum.

Note: This section lists the representative range (smallest to largest) of the amount of financial assistance available. These figures are based upon funds awarded in the past fiscal year and the current fiscal year to date. Also indicated is an approximate average amount of awards which were made in the past and current fiscal years.


(Investments) FY 03 $40,634,000; FY 04 est $40,420,000; and FY 05 est $45,400,000 (includes funds for economic adjustment only).

Note: The dollar amounts listed in this section represent obligations for the past fiscal year (PY), estimates for the current fiscal year (CY), and estimates for the budget fiscal year (BY) as reported by the Federal agencies. Obligations for non-financial assistance programs indicate the administrative expenses involved in the operation of a program.

Account Identification


Note: Note: This 11-digit budget account identification code represents the account which funds a particular program. This code should be consistent with the code given for the program area as specified in Appendix III of the Budget of the United States Government.

Examples of funded projects...

Investments awarded under the Economic Adjustment Program include: (1) strategy for recovery from plant closure and major permanent job loss; (2) rehabilitation of vacant industrial facility for multi-tenant use or as an incubator; (3) revolving loan funds or recapitalization of revolving loan funds.

About this section

This section indicates the different types of projects which have been funded in the past. Only projects funded under Project Grants or Direct Payments for Specified Use should be listed here. The examples give potential applicants an idea of the types of projects that may be accepted for funding. The agency should list at least five examples of the most recently funded projects.

Program accomplishments...

In FY 2003, 109 projects were funded.

Criteria for selecting proposals...

All proposals and applications for funding submitted to EDA are evaluated competitively for conformance to statutory and regulatory requirements and conformance with EDA's Investment Policy Guidelines and funding priorities. EDA will invest in applicants who are entrepreneurial in spirit and in action. Potential investments will be analyzed using the following seven supplemental evaluation criteria of approximately equal weight: extent that proposed investments are market-based; extent that proposed investments are pro-active in nature and scope; extent that proposed investments look beyond the immediate economic horizon, anticipate economic changes, and diversify the local and regional economy; likelihood that proposed investments maximize the attraction of private sector investments and would not otherwise come to fruition absent EDA's investment; likelihood that proposed investments have a high probability of success; likelihood that proposed investments result in an environment where high skill, high wage jobs are created; and likelihood the proposed investments maximize Return on Taxpayer Investment.

Assistance considerations...

Length and Time Phasing of Assistance


Formula and Matching Requirements

EDA may generally fund 50 percent of a project's cost, however certain conditions of high economic distress or an applicant's inability to provide all of the matching share may permit a higher grant rate. Grant rate requirements may be found in EDA's regulations at 13 CFR Chapter III.

A formula may be based on population, per capita income, and other statistical factors. Applicants are informed whether there are any matching requirements to be met when participating in the cost of a project. In general, the matching share represents that portion of the project costs not borne by the Federal government. Attachment F of OMB Circular No. A-102 (Office of Management and Budget) sets forth the criteria and procedures for the evaluation of matching share requirements which may be cash or in-kind contributions made by State and local governments or other agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals to satisfy matching requirements of Federal grants or loans.

Cash contributions represent the grantees' cash outlay, including the outlay of money contributed to the grantee by other public agencies, institutions, private organizations, or individuals. When authorized by Federal regulation, Federal funds received from other grants may be considered as the grantees' cash contribution.

In-kind contributions represent the value of noncash contributions provided by the grantee, other public agencies and institutions, private organizations or individuals. In-kind contributions may consist of charges for real property and equipment, and value of goods and services directly benefiting and specifically identifiable to the grant program. When authorized by Federal legislation, property purchased with Federal funds may be considered as grantees' in-kind contribution.

Maintenance of effort (MOE) is a requirement contained in certain legislation, regulations, or administrative policies stating that a grantee must maintain a specified level of financial effort in a specific area in order to receive Federal grant funds, and that the Federal grant funds may be used only to supplement, not supplant, the level of grantee funds.

Post assistance requirements...


With the exception of strategy grants, quarterly financial reports are required until one year after final disbursement of funds. Reports on RLF grants are initially required semi-annually but may be graduated to annual reports with the consent of the agency. Grantees are also required to report on program performance and project outcomes at intervals prescribed by the agency in compliance with GPRA of 1993.

Note: This section indicates whether program reports, expenditure reports, cash reports or performance monitoring are required by the Federal funding agency, and specifies at what time intervals (monthly, annually, etc.) this must be accomplished.


In accordance with the provisions of OMB Circular No. A- 133 (Revised, June 27, 2003), recipients that are States, Local Governments, Nonprofit Organizations (to include Hospitals), and Institutions of Higher Learning shall be subject to the audit requirements contained in the Single Audit Act Amendments of 1996 (31 U.S.C. 7501-7507). Commercial organizations shall be subject to the audit requirements as stipulated in the award document. States, local governments, and nonprofit governments that expend $500,000 or more in a year in Federal awards shall have a single or program-specific audit conducted for that year.

Note: This section discusses audits required by the Federal agency. The procedures and requirements for State and local governments and nonprofit entities are set forth in OMB Circular No. A-133. These requirements pertain to awards made within the respective State's fiscal year - not the Federal fiscal year, as some State and local governments may use the calendar year or other variation of time span designated as the fiscal year period, rather than that commonly known as the Federal fiscal year (from October 1st through September 30th).


As necessary for audit and as required by OMB Circular No. A-110 and 15 CFR Part 24. All financial and programmatic records, supporting documents, statistical reports and other records of grantees or sub grantees are required to be maintained by the terms of the agreement. The grantee must retain records for 3 years after completion of the project or submission of the final financial report, whichever is later, and be readily available for inspection and audit.

Note: This section indicates the record retention requirements and the type of records the Federal agency may require. Not included are the normally imposed requirements of the General Accounting Office. For programs falling under the purview of OMB Circular No. A-102, record retention is set forth in Attachment C. For other programs, record retention is governed by the funding agency's requirements.



Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965, as amended, Public Law 105-393, 42 U.S.C. 3149 et seq.; 112 Stat. 3596.

Note: This section lists the legal authority upon which a program is based (acts, amendments to acts, Public Law numbers, titles, sections, Statute Codes, citations to the U.S. Code, Executive Orders, Presidential Reorganization Plans, and Memoranda from an agency head).

Regulations, Guidelines, And Literature

13 CFR Chapter III Part 308, Civil Rights Guidelines, RLF Plan Guidelines, CEDS Guidelines, RLF Standard Terms and Conditions and other publications are available from Regional Offices.

Contact information...

Web Sites
Regional Or Local Office

Refer to Additional Contact Information - FMR Help for EDA regional office addresses.

Note: This section lists the agency contact person, address and telephone number of the Federal Regional or Local Office(s) to be contacted for detailed information regarding a program such as: (1) current availability of funds and the likelihood of receiving assistance within a given period; (2) pre-application and application forms required; (3) whether a pre-application conference is recommended; (4) assistance available in preparation of applications; (5) whether funding decisions are made at the headquarters, regional or local level; (6) application renewal procedures (including continuations and supplementals) or appeal procedures for rejected applications; and (7) recently published program guidelines and material. However, for most federal programs, this section will instruct the reader to consult the so-called Appendix IV of the Catalog due to the large volume of Regional and Local Office Contacts for most agencies. This information is provided in Additional Contact Information (see below).

Headquarters Office

Refer to Additional Contact Information - FMR Help for EDA Regional Office addresses and telephone numbers.

Note: This section lists names and addresses of the office at the headquarters level with direct operational responsibility for managing a program. A telephone number is provided in cases where a Regional or Local Office is not normally able to answer detailed inquiries concerning a program. Also listed are the name(s) and telephone number(s) of the information contact person(s) who can provide additional program information to applicants.

Additional Contact Information (Appendix IV)

Due to the large volume of regional and local office contacts for most agencies, full contact information is also provided separately here in a PDF format: